How to choose a pan?
Let's talk about how to choose a pan for cooking various products. Today, the market offers a huge range of kitchen utensils, including frying pans. It can be difficult to determine how the product is of high quality and suitable for our needs. How to choose the right frying pan?
Cast Iron Pans
In this section we will talk about the features of cast iron pans and how to choose a cast iron skillet.
Cast iron pan is ideal for products that need to be cooked for quite a long time, because cast iron is very hot, which is required for high-quality frying. In favor of cast iron frying pans, there is also the fact that you can barely stir the food during frying. It's all about the porosity of cast iron. Due to the porous nature of this metal, a fatty film is formed on the sides of the pan, serving as a natural non-stick coating. The disadvantages of cast iron pans include the fact that they should never be washed with modern detergents - they should not be washed at all, it is better to ignite on the fire and then rinse with cold water.It is necessary to ensure that after rinsing in the pan there was not a drop of moisture. Also in the cast iron skillet can not be stored ready-made food. Another disadvantage of cast iron is that it is metal in nature, firstly, very heavy, and secondly, very fragile. Therefore, do not let your cast iron skillet fall - it can simply split. After buying a frying pan, you must first wash, dry, lubricate liberally with vegetable oil and ignite for about an hour on the fire. This is done in order to form the very "non-stick coating."
When choosing a cast iron pan, first of all pay attention to the bottom. It is the bottom that will show you how well the product is made and whether it is worth buying it. The bottom of the cast iron pan should be fairly flat and thick. The life of the pan depends on the thickness of the bottom, since a thick bottom prevents the product from deforming, and the evenness of the bottom indicates that food will not stick to the pan, which means it will be prepared as it should. In addition, if the bottom of the pan is uneven, it means that some defects were made during the production and we do not recommend you to buy such a pan.
Stainless steel and titanium frying pans
We advise you to pay attention to the titanium frying pans - they have all the advantages of cast iron, but they are much lighter and stronger and also do not rust. Their only disadvantage is the high cost. As for stainless steel pans, then this is probably the best option. The fact is that food cooked in such a pan, can be considered the most healthy, because stainless steel refers to the type of materials that do not interact with almost any substances, especially in the process of cooking. The only thing to be remembered when using a stainless steel frying pan is that it should not be left empty on the fire, as it can in this case be covered with a bloom of blue or green. Do not forget also that you need to wash the stainless steel pan without using abrasive detergents.
In order to choose the right titanium or stainless steel frying pan, pay attention, firstly, to the absence of damage, because the sellers may sell you a low-quality product, the defects of which are not immediately apparent. Therefore, first inspect the product, check that there are no scratches and other damage.Also pay attention to the bottom - like other quality pans, it should be smooth, even and thick. It is desirable that the pan had high walls, then the food will turn out even more delicious. And, of course, it is best to acquire a cast pan, since a product made of solid material will always be superior in quality to any other.
Teflon coated non-stick pans
Here we will briefly talk about the so-called "Teflon" frying pans and how to choose a non-stick frying pan. In the middle of the last century, American scientists invented a new material, which was called "polytetrafluoroethylene". However, it was too difficult to pronounce and memorize, so it became known as Teflon. Teflon pan, or rather, an aluminum or steel pan with a teflon coating is very resistant to acid-base medium. In practice, this means that you can cook almost anything on it. However, it should be noted that although manufacturers of frying pans with Teflon coating say they can fry products without the use of oil, nevertheless, it is still better to add it for frying.There are frying pans with a smooth and embossed non-stick coating. The latter option is better, because the food is less in contact with the coating during cooking and therefore burns even less. It is not recommended to overheat the Teflon pan, since at high temperatures (more than 200 degrees Celsius) Teflon begins to gradually evaporate and release harmful volatile compounds to health. In addition, the coating can crack at high temperatures. In no case should you cook a spoiled pan - you should immediately throw it away. If you want to use a frying pan with a non-stick coating for a long time - buy a thick frying pan with a wall thickness and a diameter of at least 5 mm. Best of all, if the pan has a double steel bottom, and the layer of Teflon is thick and rough.
Other types of pans
Aluminum frying pans are very light, have high thermal conductivity and low cost, but have a number of significant drawbacks. The main disadvantage is that products in an aluminum pan can burn very strongly, even if you use a sufficient amount of oil.The second minus is that aluminum is easily scratched and oxidized, so it is very difficult to cook something really tasty on it. If you already decided to purchase an aluminum frying pan, then choose a molded product with a thick bottom.
Now let's talk about how to choose a ceramic skillet. A frying pan with a ceramic coating is one of the best options for cooking food. Firstly, ceramics is an absolutely safe substance from an environmental point of view. Secondly, the heat in a ceramic pan is distributed more evenly over the entire surface of the product, and therefore it is much easier and faster to cook food in it than in other pans. And finally, the third, equally important advantage of a ceramic pan is that it has excellent non-stick properties. However, a ceramic pan requires special care - it can be washed only after it has completely cooled, it is necessary to avoid contact with metal utensils such as knives and forks, and also to prevent the product from dropping so that there are no chips.
To choose the right ceramic pan, the first thing you need to pay attention to is the weight of the product.Do not buy into the lightness of the pan. Heavier pans have thicker walls and bottom, which means that they heat up more evenly, which is ideal for cooking. Moreover, heavier frying pans with a ceramic coating and not deform so quickly. Also pay attention to the coating material itself - it should not have chips and other defects, otherwise the food will be burnt and cooked in a completely different way than you would like.
And finally, the last thing left for us is to choose a pan for pancakes. It is believed that the best pancakes are obtained in cast iron pans, precisely because of their natural non-stick coating. However, many people use frying pans with a Teflon non-stick coating, because they are lighter, but they are still inferior to cast iron in their properties and quality of pancakes. Well, if you decide to choose an aluminum pan for cooking pancakes, then note that this requires a cast pan with a thick bottom, otherwise the pan will very quickly lose its shape due to overheating.
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