How to treat a cough baby?
In this article, we'll find out how and how to treat a cough for a child over two years old. If you are interested in how babies cough is treated, we recommend. And for those who already have a year old, this one is perfect. We also note at the outset that when a cough appears, it is necessary to immediately inform the doctor about it for accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.
How to treat dry cough
A dry cough (that is, without sputum) in children may indicate a variety of illnesses; However, in most cases it is a symptom of colds (in this case, doctors usually diagnose ARVI). However, dry cough is often accompanied by sore throat. Such a cough must be “softened” by making it wet, and only then it is necessary to achieve the complete removal of sputum. And the first thing that can be done to alleviate the condition of the child is to allow him to move, but in moderation. It is not necessary to forbid the little patient to walk, play quiet games, since movements have a positive effect on the respiratory system, clearing the bronchi.The only thing that should be avoided is overly active games, since they can lead to a rise in temperature.
Next recommendation: do not limit the child to drink. You can give your child water, juice, very good compotes of dried fruit, berry fruit drinks. Remember: the more the child drinks, the faster the cough will become wet as the fluids liquefy the sputum.
You should also regularly ventilate the room, removing the child for the time of ventilation from the room. Good help and humidifiers. No humidifier? It does not matter - hang a big wet cloth or any other cloth on the battery. In summer, you can leave a water tank in the room - the water will gradually evaporate, moistening the air.
Traditional medicine against dry cough
As for drugs, we advise first of all to pay attention to traditional medicine, as potent drugs are shown only with a strong and prolonged cough. Herbs are perfect coltsfoot, elecampane and wild rosemary, which are sold in almost any pharmacy. They need to be brewed in accordance with the instructions, usually in a water bath.Broths of these herbs have an excellent expectorant effect. A mixture of black radish and honey juice, plantain juice, licorice, marsh mallow and medicines, in which ivy leaves act as a component (for example, Gedelix or Prospan), also helps a lot.
All of the above means contain substances that dilute bronchial mucus, and promote expectoration. However, herbal remedies have their disadvantages. Thus, a pronounced "diluting" effect can cause the accumulation of a large amount of sputum, which the child will be difficult to expectorate, because traditional medicine often does not have a long lasting effect, and increasing their dose is impractical and even harmful (nausea and vomiting are possible). That is why, with a strong dry cough, doctors recommend the use of modern mucolytic drugs (as doctors call soothing sputum).
Means of modern pharmacology
Here we select first of all such a drug as ACC (to the same group can be attributed such a tool as "Fluimucil"). The ACC is able to quickly dilute and remove the accumulated sputum from the body; Besides,It significantly reduces inflammatory processes in the respiratory tract, which greatly alleviates the condition of the child. For children of preschool age, a variant of ACC-100 is suitable. This drug is able to cope even with chronic cough, if you follow the instructions for admission (in this case, the duration of admission can be up to twenty days with a possible repetition of the course after a while).
We also draw your attention to such drugs as Ambrohexal, Lazolvan (varieties of Ambroxol) and Bromhexin, although the latter is somewhat less effective than the above. By the way, Ambroxol is good because it can be taken at any age, even for very young children. And drugs such as "Mukodin" and "Bronkatar", not only dilute the sputum, but also help restore the bronchi. The only thing you should not give them to children suffering from constipation.
How to treat a strong cough
In some cases, when the cough is so painful that the child breaks and his chest and stomach starts to hurt, drugs that suppress the cough (such as, for example, "Libeksin", "Sinekod", "Tusupreks", "Glauvent") and the combined (Stottussin, Lorain, Hexapneumine).However, we emphasize that they should be used with extreme caution and only in cases where the cough causes vomiting and pain in the chest. The fact is that these drugs can make expectoration difficult. The cough goes away, but the sputum accumulating in the airways can not only make breathing more difficult, but also cause recurrence of the disease. That is why the above cough and combination drugs are most often contraindicated in children of preschool age, and they must be consulted with a specialist before they are taken.
In addition, it should be borne in mind that some drugs of combined action (for example, Solutan or Bronholitin) can be taken only if there is abundant liquid discharge, since these drugs dry the throat mucosa. As for anti-inflammatory drugs (for example, Erespal), their use, as a rule, does not lead to undesirable side effects, but the benefits of these drugs are obvious, since it is the inflammation of the respiratory tract that causes cough. But antibiotics and the so-called bronchodilators (means that expand the airway) do not always help, so you should not give their child without consulting a doctor.
The benefit of inhalation is that this or that medicinal substance acts on the respiratory tract directly, improving the dilution of sputum and reducing bronchial spasms. And this, in turn, leads to the gradual cessation of cough.
One of the easiest and most effective ways is steam inhalation. Even ordinary soda can be used as an active ingredient. One has only to remind that children should not breathe above water, the temperature of which is above + 40 ° С, and for small children this indicator should not exceed + 30 ° С. If a child suffers from diseases such as pneumonia, bronchitis or bronchial asthma, it is better to use a special device as a nebulizer, which allows the drug to reach any point of the respiratory system and in the required quantities.
As you know, the best treatment is prevention, so at the end we will give you some useful tips to prevent a child from coughing before it appears. First of all, try to dress the child during the festivities according to the weather and remember that overheating is no less dangerous than hypothermia.In addition, healthy children are helped by dousing with cool (but not cold) water, and only the legs, and not the whole body, should be poured, as some parents do. Give up smoking with your child, because tobacco smoke has a very negative effect on the respiratory system of any organism, and even more so of an immature child. If in your area there are outbreaks of colds, you can walk, but the child’s contact with others should be reduced and, all the more so, not to go to crowded places. And, of course, do not forget about vitamins and immunostimulating drugs (for example, "Immunal"), as well as about proper nutrition.
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