Seborrheic keratosis of the skin: what is it and how to treat
Keratoses are diseases of the skin of non-inflammatory origin. Pathology suggests the appearance of benign lesions or multiple cornified tissues of the epidermis. The appearance of such areas may be different. Seborrheic form is referred to as senile diseases, as it develops in people of retirement or pre-retirement age.
What is seborrheic keratosis?
This is a benign growth consisting of keratinized skin cells. The first appear small colorless spots that do not show themselves. With no treatment, the disease begins to slowly progress:
- the number of damaged areas becomes larger;
- spots increase in size;
- an elevation above the skin level appears.
Over time, the formations become patchy brown or burgundy in color with black patches. In advanced cases, the lesions begin to peel off, the skin is irritated,leading to pain and bleeding.
Why keratosis appears to this day is not exactly established. There are speculations about the viral nature and negative solar exposure, but both theories have not found conclusive evidence.
More often the manifestation is observed in persons in whose families there were similar diseases. Because of this, scientists are talking about genetic predisposition. The development of pathology occurs under the influence of the following factors:
- excessive exposure to ultraviolet radiation;
- frequent skin damage;
- chronic diseases;
- immune disorders.
Symptoms and types of seborrheic keratosis
New growths occur on any part of the skin, except for the feet and palms. The form of senile warts is often round or oval. Size can vary from a few millimeters to 6 cm in diameter. The surface has a soft structure, which is covered with a flaky and compacting crust. At first, pathology is difficult to recognize. Due to the large number of different types of keratomas, an accurate diagnosis is made after diagnosis.
There are four types:
- Flat. Formed flat, slightly raised above the surface of the skin, pigmented plaques.
- Reticular. Horn cysts appear on the skin surface along with plaques.
- Irritated.On the surface of the formations during the study find lymph infiltration.
- Inflammatory. Tumors have inflammatory processes.
In a medical facility, keratoma is removed. For this, laser or radio wave radiation, liquid nitrogen, chemical peeling or electrocoagulation are often used.
The development of formations can be stopped by taking large doses of ascorbic acid. It also allows you to prevent the emergence of new formations. The reception takes place over a period of 1-2 months in three pieces with a monthly break.
If seborrheic spots are found, it can be softened with warm oil. For this is suitable sea buckthorn, castor, walnut. Special emollients can also be used. With proper selection and use with their help, you can destroy dead cells, make the size of education smaller.
Perhaps the use of traditional medicine:
- Lotions of undiluted apple cider vinegar. The procedure is carried out up to 6 times a day.
- Fresh yeast brew. When it rises, make a scone, impose on the affected skin.Two hours later, remove the compress.
- A decoction of buckwheat. A tablespoon of porridge is boiled in two glasses of water. Plaque wipe the resulting composition.
During treatment, you need to provide the body with essential vitamins. Doctors recommend maintaining a healthy lifestyle, activate the body's defenses.
The dangers of seborrheic keratosis
Pathology is considered benign, but there is a link between it and aggressive types of cancer. Over time, malignant cells can begin to develop independently inside the keratoma. At the same time, the cancer itself will be so similar to the focus of necrosis that it will be difficult to distinguish it externally without histological analysis.
Doctors warn that too many foci can be a sign of cancer of internal organs. Studies have shown that 10% of patients with seborrheic keratosis were found to have skin cancer cells.
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