The influence of east and west on the evolution and creation of a bidet
History has not saved the exact date or the name of the inventor of the bidet. Only recently, scientists have learned that the age of this subject of plumbing is not even hundreds - thousands of years.
During the excavation of cities since antiquity, archaeologists have discovered rooms located in private houses near the toilet. These rooms were decorated with marble, decorated with mosaics and paintings, and had a small depression in the floor, about 20 cm, resembling a bath. Scientists have long argued about the purpose of this space of ancient times. And only a few decades ago it was agreed that it was a prototype of a modern bidet.
The study was complicated by the fact that hygiene was lost in the Middle Ages. To wash, and even more so to take a bath in those days was considered a risky exercise. Even in the heyday of the Baroque, the Europeans still retained prejudices against water procedures.
There is, for example, a case in which one prominent Spanish court official, Domingo Centurion, who lived in the 17th century, caught a bad cold after taking a dip. To which his contemporary Barrionuevo replied quite seriously that it would not at all be surprising if a person climbed into the bath and overtook death.
Return of the bidet. Legends
His return to the houses of Europe bide owes France. According to legend, it was invented by the personal furniture maker of the royal court, Christophe de Rosier. Mention of an unusual subject is in written sources in 1710. Since King Louis XV himself began to use this sanitary item, he became fashionable. In many court houses of those times bidets were installed. The traditional place of this device was the bedroom.
According to another version, French cavalrymen invented the bidet at the end of the Thirty Years War. Soldiers who wanted to take a bath, but did not have time for this, were limited to bathing only those parts of the body that were in close contact with their saddles. Hence the name of the subject le bidet, meaning in translation “small horse”.
Another legend ascribes the invention of a bidet to French courtesans.A small pot of earthenware, narrowed in the center so that it was convenient to sit on top of it, mounted on a metal or wooden frame, was for a long time referred to only as a "courtesan's belonging."
But be that as it may, by the middle of the 18th century, the bidet was firmly established in the life of noble Europeans. Preserved drawings and drawings of furniture makers of those times. This item could look like a graceful three-legged chair with chiseled legs and carved back. Sometimes the back was upholstered with expensive fabrics. The frame itself was made of walnut. And instead of the seat was set removable bowl.
The shape of the bidet was different in different countries. It was made, for example, in the form of a cello, violin or guitar. And they gave him all sorts of playful nicknames. In Italy, the bidet was called the "little hygienic horse", in Spain - the "hygienic guitar", and in France - the "case with a violin" or the "indiscreet baby."
A truly popular bidet became in the late 19th century. Tom contributed to the development of technology and sewage systems. At the turn of the century, this plumbing item acquired features that are in many ways similar to modern products.The bidet was equipped with a drain and a small faucet supplying water. And the accommodation itself moved from the bedroom to a separate room.
Bidets in the East
If in the European part of the world the culture of using a bidet has been interrupted for centuries, in the East this subject has been held in high esteem since ancient times. The tradition of ablution, in particular, in Muslim countries has deep roots. On personal hygiene there are explicit prescriptions in the "Quran".
And in Japan, "paperless" toilets existed even before our era. They were wooden or porcelain bowls, reminiscent of containers for washing. For the country of the Rising Sun, the use of bidets is a common practice. Today, these plumbing fixtures are not only installed in most private Japanese homes, but are also widespread in public places.
Bidets in the modern world
It is not surprising that the Japanese were among the first in the 1980s to start producing modern high-tech bidets. Thanks to additional features that allow, for example, to dry the skin after carrying out hygiene procedures, Japanese bidets have become in demand around the world.
And after a few years, Japanese engineers introduced an electronic bidet on the plumbing market. This multifunctional design almost instantly won the sympathy of Europeans. The compact device is equipped with a reservoir into which water is supplied and heated, a hairdryer and has a special antibacterial coating. It is installed on an ordinary toilet.
For owners of miniature toilets in which it is not possible to simultaneously install two plumbing fixtures, a toilet and a bidet, this Japanese invention was a real find.
In addition, a bidet seat is much cheaper than a bidet built into a toilet bowl. It is because of its high cost that such “two in one” systems did not receive significant popularity among consumers.
But freestanding bidets systematically conquer the modern market of plumbing. Manufacturers, as a rule, try to make a pair of toilet-bidet in the same style. Therefore, to choose the optimal model for the interior of labor will not make.
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