What are the required tests during pregnancy

Instruction
The results of the examination of the future mother are recorded in the exchange card. At the first visit, the gynecologist examines the pregnant woman, smears the vagina and writes out directions for tests, most of the mandatory tests fall on the first trimester of pregnancy.
The blood test and Rh factor are performed at the beginning of pregnancy and allow you to determine the risk of incompatibility between the blood of the mother and the child. Timely medical care will help avoid Rh-conflict.
A complete clinical blood test is performed once every two months, such a study reveals anemia. Anemia is characterized by a decrease in the level of hemoglobin and can lead to the development of toxicosis in the second half of pregnancy and even to premature birth.
The blood test for sugar is necessarily carried out at the first visit, and then according to indications. With this study, the risk of developing diabetes in a pregnant woman is determined.
A coagulogram or clotting test is performed in the first trimester, this analysis shows the level of prothrombin in the blood. In case of detection of deviations of indicators from the norm, additional tests may be assigned to the pregnant woman.
In the first trimester, blood tests for the presence of hepatitis B and C, syphilis and HIV infection are required, as well as nasal culture for Staphylococcus aureus is done. In identifying these diseases, doctors take measures to reduce the risk of infecting the child.
General urine analysis is carried out at each visit to the gynecologist. It is especially important to monitor the condition of the kidneys in the presence of chronic diseases, since the load on the kidneys during pregnancy increases significantly and this can lead to such a pathology as preeclampsia.
In the normal course of pregnancy, from the time of registration and up to week 28, a woman should visit her gynecologist once a month, from 28 to 36 weeks - once every two weeks, and from 36 weeks to the birth - weekly. At the reception, the gynecologist measures body weight and blood pressure, and in later periods determines the child's heartbeat and the height of the uterus floor.
In addition to tests, ultrasound examination is also mandatory, during pregnancy, an obligatory ultrasound is done three times. In the first trimester (10-14 week), an ultrasound examination should confirm the presence of pregnancy, at this stage, according to the ultrasound results, the doctor can assess the development of the fetus and the condition of the uterus and placenta. In the second trimester (week 20-24), an ultrasound scan is aimed at identifying fetal malformations, during this period the internal organs of the child are finally formed and the results of the ultrasound scan show the sex of the unborn baby. In the third trimester (week 32-36), an ultrasound scan is performed to determine the size and presentation of the fetus, and the doctor also assesses the condition of the placental circulation.


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